What are the signs and symptoms of a stroke in men and women?
How to determine that a person has a stroke, what needs to be done with first aid. Are there any differences between stroke in men and women. What are the first signs of a stroke, what are its symptoms and consequences, how to treat and to whom to seek help – we’ll talk about all these issues and the topic of stroke in general today.
A stroke is a sudden circulatory disturbance in brain tissue. There are 2 main types: ischemic (clogging of the vessel with the development of cerebral infarction) and hemorrhagic (rupture of the artery wall and hemorrhage in the brain tissue). Stroke is the most common neurological disease and is one of the first among all causes of death.
The consequences of a cerebral stroke are also a serious medical and social problem, since this violation is almost always accompanied by the loss of certain functions of the body, which leads to disability, sometimes very severe.
Headache is one of the most common signs of a stroke in two sexes. You
need to know that the consequences of a stroke depend not only on its type, location and size of the pathological focus, but also on how long the disease will be recognized and specific treatment will be prescribed. The sooner this is done, the higher the chance of survival and the lesser consequences a person expects in the future. In order to recognize a vascular catastrophe in time, you need to know what the first signs and symptoms of a stroke in men and women exist.
Stroke in women and men – what are the differences?
There are several differences in the causes and features of the course of stroke among men and women: the
risk of cerebrovascular accident in men increases significantly by the age of 40 years, in women it is 55-60 years, since they have natural defenders – estrogens, but with the onset menopause, the risk of the disease is equalized;
the risk of developing ischemic stroke is higher in women who take oral contraceptives and suffer from migraines with aura;
female representatives often ignore the harbingers of stroke;
acute cerebrovascular accidents in wives are much more complicated and often lead to death and severe disability;
in men, stroke often has classic symptoms and is easily recognized, and in women, such symptoms are often atypical, which complicates timely diagnosis;
men more often after a stroke return to their usual lives, women are much more difficult to do.
It’s important to know! According to recent clinical studies, the risk of developing ischemic stroke in women who use birth control pills and have such a bad habit as smoking is 22% higher than their peers who do not smoke or drink oral contraceptives.
Harbingers of a stroke
It is very rare for a stroke to develop suddenly, without harbingers, in most cases some symptoms can be observed long before the pathology develops. Consider the most basic of them:
dizziness;
headache;
noise and ringing in the head;
mnestic disturbances (memory problems), a tendency to forgetfulness;
imbalance and coordination of movements;
increase in blood pressure, its frequent rises;
short-term visual impairment, speech;
syncopal (fainting) conditions;
numbness in certain areas of the body.
The described symptoms can be observed both for several minutes, and for a long time. In any case, they indicate a possible catastrophe in the near future and signal the need for urgent measures of treatment and prevention.
What are the signs of a stroke in women and men?
Signs of a stroke in both sexes depend on the location and size of the lesion in the brain and the type of stroke. They practically do not differ among representatives of different sexes.
Symptoms of a stroke:
sudden and sharp headache, which is accompanied by dizziness, sometimes nausea and vomiting;
numbness or tingling in a certain part of the body that arose suddenly;
sharp weakness in one or several limbs;
the impossibility of movement with facial muscles on one side of the face;
various speech disorders (inability to speak or understand spoken language);
various visual impairments (loss of visual fields, livestock, double vision or total blindness);
various degrees of impaired consciousness, up to a deep coma;
loss of ability to maintain balance, impaired coordination of movements;
the development of convulsive syndrome;
disturbances in the frequency and rhythm of breathing, palpitations, and functions of the pelvic organs;
sharp rise in blood pressure;
violation of swallowing.
There are no differences between the signs of a stroke in women and men. Differences are observed only in the causes of development and features of the course of the disease.
In women, it is necessary to differentiate between stroke and migraine.
How to quickly diagnose a stroke.
As already mentioned, the faster the disease is recognized, the better the prognosis. There is a simple algorithm for diagnosing a stroke that everyone should master:
It is necessary to ask the patient to smile, in case of a stroke, one corner of the mouth will not rise with a smile and the smile will be crooked.
Invite the person to introduce themselves, to name today’s date and his location. Thus, it is possible to check the degree of consciousness, orientation in oneself and in the environment, as well as to identify speech disorders that often accompany a stroke.
Ask the person to slowly raise their arms and then their legs. Often with a stroke, a limb on the affected side does not move at all or a person raises it lower than on the healthy side of the body.
Invite a person to stick his tongue out. In the event of a stroke, its tip will deviate to the side (normally it should be symmetrical).
Important! In the presence of at least one of the above symptoms, it is urgent to call an ambulance, since it is very likely that a person has an acute violation of cerebral circulation.

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